Tacrolimus topical is used on the skin to treat moderate to severe atopic dermatitis in patients who have received other medicines that have not worked well. Atopic dermatitis is a skin condition where there is itching, redness, and inflammation, much like an allergic reaction. Tacrolimus helps to suppress these symptoms which are reactions caused by the body’s immune system.
This medicine is available only with your doctor’s prescription.
Use this medicine exactly as directed by your doctor. Do not use more of it, do not use it more often, and do not use it for a longer time than your doctor ordered. To do so may increase the chance of side effects.
This medicine should not be the first medicine you use to treat your condition. It is meant to be used only after you have tried other medicines that have not worked or have caused unwanted side effects.
This medicine may be associated with an increased risk for developing chicken pox, eczema herpeticum, herpes simplex virus infections (skin blisters), or varicella zoster virus infection (shingles). Ask your doctor if you have questions about this and report any signs or symptoms of these conditions to your doctor.
This medicine should not be used continuously for a long time. If needed, treatment may be repeated with breaks in between.
This medicine should come with a Medication Guide. Read and follow these instructions carefully. Ask your doctor if you have any questions.
This medicine is for use on the skin only. Do not get it in your eyes, nose, or mouth. Do not use on skin areas that have cuts or scrapes. If it does get on these areas, rinse it off right away.
Wash your hands with soap and water before and after using this medicine. If you are treating a rash on your hands, do not wash your hands after using the medicine.
Dry skin completely before applying the ointment.
Apply a thin layer of ointment (use a small amount just enough to cover area) and rub it in well to cover the affected areas.
Do not cover the treated skin with occlusive dressings, bandages, or wraps.
Do not bathe, shower, or swim right after applying this medicine. This could wash off the ointment.
If your doctor recommends a moisturizer, apply it after applying this medicine.
Do not use cosmetics or other skin care products on the treated skin areas.
The dose of this medicine will be different for different patients. Follow your doctor’s orders or the directions on the label. The following information includes only the average doses of this medicine. If your dose is different, do not change it unless your doctor tells you to do so.
The amount of medicine that you take depends on the strength of the medicine. Also, the number of doses you take each day, the time allowed between doses, and the length of time you take the medicine depend on the medical problem for which you are using the medicine.
For topical dosage form (ointment):
For atopic dermatitis:
Adults and teenagers 16 years of age and older—Apply 0.03% or 0.1% ointment to a clean, dry, and intact skin two times a day.
Children 2 to 15 years old—Apply 0.03% ointment to a clean, dry, and intact skin two times a day.
Children younger than 2 years of age—Use is not recommended.
Keep out of the reach of children.
Do not keep outdated medicine or medicine no longer needed.
Ask your healthcare professional how you should dispose of any medicine you do not use.
Store the medicine in a closed container at room temperature, away from heat, moisture, and direct light. Keep from freezing.
Do not leave the ointment in the car in cold or hot weather. Make sure that the tube is tightly closed.
In deciding to use a medicine, the risks of taking the medicine must be weighed against the good it will do. This is a decision you and your doctor will make. For this medicine, the following should be considered:
Tell your doctor if you have ever had any unusual or allergic reaction to this medicine or any other medicines. Also tell your health care professional if you have any other types of allergies, such as to foods, dyes, preservatives, or animals. For non-prescription products, read the label or package ingredients carefully.
Appropriate studies performed to date have not demonstrated pediatric-specific problems that would limit the usefulness of tacrolimus topical in children 2 years of age and older. However, this medicine is not recommended in children younger than 2 years of age.
Appropriate studies performed to date have not demonstrated geriatric-specific problems that would limit the usefulness of tacrolimus topical in the elderly.
There are no adequate studies in women for determining infant risk when using this medication during breastfeeding. Weigh the potential benefits against the potential risks before taking this medication while breastfeeding.
Certain medicines should not be used at or around the time of eating food or eating certain types of food since interactions may occur. Using alcohol or tobacco with certain medicines may also cause interactions to occur. The following interactions have been selected on the basis of their potential significance and are not necessarily all-inclusive.
Using this medicine with any of the following is usually not recommended, but may be unavoidable in some cases. If used together, your doctor may change the dose or how often you use this medicine, or give you special instructions about the use of food, alcohol, or tobacco.
The presence of other medical problems may affect the use of this medicine. Make sure you tell your doctor if you have any other medical problems, especially:
Cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (type of skin cancer) or
Mononucleosis (“mono”) or
Skin problems (e.g., lamellar ichthyosis, erythroderma, or Netherton’s syndrome) or
Skin tumors or
Weakened immune system—Should not be used in patients with these conditions.
Infection of the skin at the affected areas—Should be treated first before using this medicine.
Kidney failure or
Lymphadenopathy (disease of the lymph nodes) or
Tendency to develop kidney problems—Use with caution. May make these conditions worse.
It is very important that your doctor check your or your child’s progress at regular visits. This is to make sure the medicine is working properly and to check for unwanted effects. If your condition has not improved after 6 weeks or if they get worse, call your doctor.
This medicine may increase your risk of getting skin cancer or cancer of the lymph system (lymphoma). Talk to your doctor if you have concerns about this.
Stop using this medicine if signs and symptoms of eczema, such as itching, burning, stinging, rash, and redness go away, or as directed by your doctor.
This medicine may increase your risk of getting skin tumors, especially when exposed to sunlight. When you begin using this medicine:
Stay out of direct sunlight, especially between the hours of 10:00 a.m. and 3:00 p.m., if possible. Stay out of the sun even when the medicine is not on your skin.
Wear protective clothing, including a hat. Also, wear sunglasses.
Apply a sunblock product that has a skin protection factor (SPF) of at least 15. Some patients may require a product with a higher SPF number, especially if they have a fair complexion. If you have any questions about this, check with your doctor.
Apply a sun block lipstick that has an SPF of at least 15 to protect your lips.
Make sure your doctor knows if you are receiving any type of UV light treatment or “phototherapy”.
Do not use a sunlamp or a tanning bed or booth.
If you have a severe reaction from the sun, check with your doctor.
This medicine may cause you to be very sick if it is not used correctly. Call a doctor or poison control center right away if you accidentally swallow this medicine.
Do not use this medicine for a skin problem that has not been checked by your doctor.
Do not take other medicines unless they have been discussed with your doctor. This includes prescription or nonprescription (over-the-counter [OTC]) medicines and herbal or vitamin supplements.
What should I watch for?
Visit your doctor or health care professional for regular checks on your progress. You will need frequent blood checks.
If you get a cold or other infection while receiving this medicine, call your doctor or health care professional. Do not treat yourself. The medicine may decrease your body’s ability to fight infections.
Talk to your doctor about your risk of cancer. You may be more at risk for certain types of cancers if you take this medicine.
This medicine can make you more sensitive to the sun. Keep out of the sun. If you cannot avoid being in the sun, wear protective clothing and use sunscreen. Do not use sun lamps or tanning beds/booths.
This medicine may increase blood sugar. Ask your healthcare provider if changes in diet or medicines are needed if you have diabetes.
Common and Rare Side Effects
Along with its needed effects, a medicine may cause some unwanted effects. Although not all of these side effects may occur, if they do occur they may need medical attention.
Check with your doctor immediately if any of the following side effects occur:
Incidence not known
black, tarry stools
burning or stinging sensation of the face
change in size, shape, or color of an existing mole
decreased frequency or amount of urine
general feeling of illness
growth or bump on skin
increase in bone pain
increased blood pressure
looks very ill
loss of appetite
loss of bladder control
lower back or side pain
mole that leaks fluid or bleeds
muscle spasm or jerking of all extremities
rapid weight gain
red rash with watery, yellow-colored, or pus filled blisters
redness of the face
small, red skin lesion, growth, or bump usually on the face, ears, neck, hands, or arms
sore that will not heal
spider-like blood vessels on the face
sudden loss of consciousness
swelling of the face, ankles, lower legs, hands, or fingers
thick, yellow to honey-colored crusts
unusual tiredness or weakness
yellow skin and eyes
Some side effects may occur that usually do not need medical attention. These side effects may go away during treatment as your body adjusts to the medicine. Also, your health care professional may be able to tell you about ways to prevent or reduce some of these side effects. Check with your health care professional if any of the following side effects continue or are bothersome or if you have any questions about them:
general aches and pains
itching skin—in children
loss of appetite
skin flushing in areas of ointment application when drinking alcohol
Acid or sour stomach
burning, itching, or pain in hairy areas
increased sensitivity to sunlight
increased skin sensitivity
muscle aches or pain
pain in the eye
pain or tenderness around the eyes and cheekbones
pus at root of the hair
redness in the eye
severe skin rash or hives
skin blisters—in children
stomach discomfort, upset, or pain
swelling of the eye, eyelid, or inner lining of the eyelid
tightness of the chest
troubled breathing or wheezing
Other side effects not listed may also occur in some patients. If you notice any other effects, check with your healthcare professional.
Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.